Mon. Sep 27th, 2021

China is exploring a vehicle that resembles close to NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter to increase its space exploration capabilities. On August 20, National Space Science Center (NSSC) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) revealed that a design of the “Mars surface cruise drone” completed a final acceptance assessment.

This rotorcraft was among the 3 projects in technology cultivation program of NSSC. The vehicle project, which contains a small spectrometer, was spearheaded by Bian Chunjiang of NSSC. Even though the idea could be considered for upcoming Chinese Mars exploration, NSSC has yet to define a route that the drone could take. Tianwen-1, China’s first Mars probe, was propelled into orbit around Red Planet in February. This was followed in May by the safe landing of the 240-kilogram solar-powered Zhurong rover. As the sample return mission, China’s next Mars operation is currently planned to deploy in the 2028 or perhaps 2030 launch windows.

A report on propulsion needs for future and long-term crewed flights to Mars, such as precursor robotic missions, was released in June by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT). The study found acceptable launch windows for uncrewed and crewed missions, but no schedule was provided for either.

The feasibility of controlling a craft on Mars has been formally confirmed by NASA. The Perseverance rover carried the Ingenuity helicopter, which measures 1.8 kg when it got to land on the Mars in the month of February. The vehicle performed its maiden propelled flight on another globe in April, and on August 16, it successfully undertook its 12th and latest journey, attaining 450 meters in about 169.5 seconds. For future missions, NASA is seeking larger, more capable rotorcraft concepts. The Dragonfly drone is going to be deployed in 2027 and will land on Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, in 2034. Dragonfly, a planetary scientific project, was selected as New Frontiers’ mission.

The aim of China to fly a plane via thin Martian atmosphere has been around for a while. It was chosen to employ a concept created by Qian Xuesen Laboratory of Space Technology for China’s 2020 Mars mission. The ambitious plan included a rover as well as 3 ground penetrators, which would be released during the descent, and the aerostat, which would operate for a week at an elevation of 1 to 5 kilometers. The purpose of a single landing was going to collect “3-dimensional, multi-source data and multi-layer.”

The China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) has hired the Shenzhen Aerospace DFH HIT Satellite Limited and Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering to create concept architectures for exploration of Mars under China Academy of Space Technology (CAST).

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